2019-2020 - Financial Statements

Copyright Board of Canada

Statement of Management Responsibility Including Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Responsibility for the integrity and objectivity of the accompanying financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2020, and all information contained in these financial statements rests with the management of the Copyright Board of Canada (Copyright Board). These financial statements have been prepared by management using the Government of Canada's accounting policies, which are based on Canadian public sector accounting standards.

Management is responsible for the integrity and objectivity of the information in these financial statements. Some of the information in the financial statements is based on management's best estimates and judgment, and gives due consideration to materiality. To fulfill its accounting and reporting responsibilities, management maintains a set of accounts that provides a centralized record of the Copyright Board’s financial transactions. Financial information submitted in the preparation of the Public Accounts of Canada, and included in the Copyright Board’s Departmental Results Report, is consistent with these financial statements.

Management is also responsible for maintaining an effective system of internal control over financial reporting (ICFR) designed to provide reasonable assurance that financial information is reliable, that assets are safeguarded and that transactions are properly authorized and recorded in accordance with the Financial Administration Act and other applicable legislation, regulations, authorities and policies.

Management seeks to ensure the objectivity and integrity of data in its financial statements through careful selection, training and development of qualified staff; through organizational arrangements that provide appropriate divisions of responsibility; through communication programs aimed at ensuring that regulations, policies, standards, and managerial authorities are understood throughout the Copyright Board and through conducting an annual risk-based assessment of the effectiveness of the system of ICFR.

The system of ICFR is designed to mitigate risks to a reasonable level based on an ongoing process to identify key risks, to assess effectiveness of associated key controls, and to make any necessary adjustments.

Copyright Board is subject to periodic Core Control Audits performed by the Office of the Comptroller General and uses the results of such audits to comply with the Treasury Board Policy on Financial Management.

A Core Control Audit was performed in 2015–16 by the Office of the Comptroller General of Canada. The Audit Report and related Management Action Plan are posted on the departmental web site at: http://cb-cda.gc.ca/about-apropos/20160607-audit-e.pdf.

The financial statements of the Copyright Board have not been audited.

     
The paper version was signed by    
Deputy Head Nathalie Théberge Ottawa, Ontario
Chief Financial Officer Lara Taylor Ottawa, Ontario

Copyright Board of Canada
Statement of Financial Position (Unaudited)
As at March 31

(in dollars)    
  2020 2019
Liabilities    
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (note 4) 393,678 300,395
Vacation pay and compensatory leave 108,540 121,945
Employee future benefits (note 5) 100,843 83,872
Total liabilities 603,061 506,212
     
Financial Assets    
Due from Consolidated Revenue Fund 308,996 264,322
Accounts receivable and advances (note 6) 97,295 43,010
Total gross financial assets 406,291 307,632
     
Financial assets held on behalf of Government    
Accounts receivable and advances (note 6) (97,295) (43,310)
Total financial assets held on behalf of Government (97,295) (43,310)
     
Total net financial assets 308,996 264,322
     
Departmental net debt 294,065 241,890
     
Non-financial assets    
Tangible capital assets (note 7) 145,053 166,687
Total non-financial assets 145,053 166,687
     
Departmental net financial position $ (149,012) $ (75,203)
     
Contractual Obligations (note 8)
The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.

Copyright Board of Canada
Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position (Unaudited)
For the Year Ended March 31

(in dollars)      
  2020 2020 2019
  Planned Results    
Expenses      
Copyright tariff setting and issuance of licences $ 3,800,483 $ 3,738,583 $ 3,379,202
Internal Services 891,471 872,013 787,548
Total expenses 4,691,954 4,610,596 4,166,750
Revenues      
Sales of services - 5 -
Revenues earned on behalf of Government - (5) -
Total revenues - - -
       
Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers 4,691,954 4,610,596 4,166,750
     
Government funding and transfers      
Net cash provided by Government   3,969,588 3,607,017
Services provided without charge by other government departments (note 9)   522,525 456,760
Change in due from the Consolidated Revenue Fund   44,674 112,298
Net cost of operations after government funding and transfers   73,809 (9,325)
       
Departmental net financial position - Beginning of year   (75,203) (84,528)
       
Departmental net financial position - End of year   $ (149,012) $ (75,203)
       
Segmented Information (note 10)
The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.
       

Copyright Board of Canada
Statement of Change in Departmental Net Debt (Unaudited)
For the Year Ended March 31

(in dollars)    
  2020 2019
Net cost of operations after government funding and transfers $ (73,809) $ (9,325)
     
Change due to tangible capital assets    
Amortization of tangible capital assets (21,633) (21,633)
Total change due to tangible capital assets (21,633) (21,633)
     
Net decrease in departmental net debt 52,176 (30,958)
   
Departmental net debt - Beginning of year 241,890 272,848
     
Departmental net debt - End of year $ 294,066 $ 241,890
     
The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.
     

Copyright Board of Canada
Statement of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
For the Year Ended March 31

(in dollars)    
  2020 2019
     
Operating activities    
Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers $ 4,610,596 $ 4,166,750
Non-cash items:    
Services provided without charge by other government departments (note 9) (522,525) (456,760)
Amortization of tangible capital assets (21,633) (21,633)
     
Variations in Statement of Financial Position:    
Decrease (increase) in accounts payable and accrued liabilities (93,283) (126,551)
Decrease (increase) in vacation pay and compensatory leave 13,405 47,841
Decrease (increase) in future employee benefits (16,972) (2,630)
Cash used in operating activities 3,969,588 3,607,017
Investing Activities    
Acquisition of Tangible Capital Assets - -
Net cash provided by Government of Canada $ 3,969,588 $ 3,607,017
     
The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.
     

1. Authority and Objectives

The Copyright Board of Canada is an independent administrative agency, which has been conferred department status for purposes of the Financial Administration Act. Its mandate is defined in Part VII of the Copyright Act.

The Copyright Board’s principal mandate is to set royalties to be paid for the use of copyrighted works, when the copyright on such works are being administered collectively by a society.

The Act provides that the Board intervenes in three areas, namely approving tariffs for works whose rights are managed by collective societies, the granting of licences for the use of works for which the right owners cannot be found, and arbitration in the event a collective society and a user cannot agree on royalties.

As an independent tribunal, the Board reports annually on its administrative activities to Parliament through the Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

These financial statements are prepared using the Copyright Board’s accounting policies stated below, which are based on Canadian public sector accounting standards. The presentation and results using the stated accounting policies do not result in any significant differences from Canadian public sector accounting standards.

Significant accounting policies are as follows:

  • Parliamentary authorities
    The Copyright Board is financed by the Government of Canada through Parliamentary authorities. Financial reporting of authorities provided to the Copyright Board do not parallel financial reporting according to generally accepted accounting principles since authorities are primarily based on cash flow requirements. Consequently, items recognized in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position and in the Statement of Financial Position are not necessarily the same as those provided through authorities from Parliament. Note 3 provides a reconciliation between the bases of reporting. The planned results amounts in the “Expenses” and “Revenues” sections of the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position are the amounts reported in the Future-oriented Statement of Operations included in the 2019–20 Departmental Plan. Planned results are not presented in the “Government funding and transfers” section of the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position and in the Statement of Change in Departmental Net Debt because these amounts were not included in the 2019–20 Departmental Plan.

  • b) Net cash provided by Government
    The Copyright Board operates within the Consolidated Revenue Fund (CRF), which is administered by the Receiver General for Canada. All cash received by the Copyright Board is deposited to the CRF, and all cash disbursements made by the Copyright Board are paid from the CRF. The net cash provided by Government is the difference between all cash receipts and all cash disbursements, including transactions between departments of the Government.

  • Amounts due from or to the CRF
    Amounts due from or to the CRF are the result of timing differences at year-end between when a transaction affects authorities and when it is processed through the CRF. Amounts due from the CRF represent the net amount of cash that the Copyright Board is entitled to draw from the CRF in order to discharge its liabilities without generating additional charges against its authorities.

  • Revenues
    Revenues are recognized in the period the event giving rise to the revenues occurred. Revenues that are non-respendable are not available to discharge the Department's liabilities. While the Deputy Head is expected to maintain accounting control, he or she has no authority regarding the disposition of non-respendable revenues. As a result, non-respendable revenues are considered to be earned on behalf of the Government of Canada and are therefore presented as a reduction of the entity's gross revenues.

  • Expenses
    Expenses are recorded on the accrual basis. Vacation pay and compensatory leave are accrued as the benefits are earned by employees under their respective terms of employment; and Services provided without charge by other government departments for accommodation and the employer’s contribution to the health and dental insurance plans are recorded as operating expenses at their carrying value.

  • Employee future benefits

    • Pension benefits
      Eligible employees participate in the Public Service Pension Plan, a multiemployer pension plan administered by the Government. The Copyright Board’s contributions to the Plan are charged to expenses in the year incurred and represent the total departmental obligation to the Plan. The Copyright Board’s responsibility with regard to the Plan is limited to its contributions. Actuarial surpluses or deficiencies are recognized in the financial statements of the Government of Canada, as the Plan’s sponsor.
    • Severance benefits
      The accumulation of severance benefits for voluntary departures ceased for applicable employee groups. The remaining obligation for employees who did not withdraw benefits is calculated using information derived from the results of the results of the actuarially determined liability for employee severance benefits for the Government as a whole.

     

  • Accounts receivable
    Accounts receivable are initially recorded at cost. When necessary, an allowance for valuation is recorded to reduce the carrying value of accounts receivable to amounts that approximate their net recoverable value.

  • Non-financial assets
    All tangible capital assets and leasehold improvements having an initial cost of $10,000 or more are recorded at their acquisition cost. Tangible capital assets do not include immovable assets located on reserves as defined in the Indian Act, works of art, museum collection and Crown land to which no acquisition cost is attributable; and intangible assets.

  • Measurement uncertainty
    The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported and disclosed amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes at March 31. The estimates are based on facts and circumstances, historical experience, general economic conditions and reflect the Government’s best estimate of the related amount at the end of the reporting period. The most significant items where estimates are used are the liability for employee severance benefits and the useful life of tangible capital assets. Actual results could significantly differ from those estimated. Management’s estimates are reviewed periodically and, as adjustments become necessary, they are recorded in the financial statements in the year they become known.

  • Related party transactions
    Related party transactions, other than inter-entity transactions, are recorded at the exchange amount.

    Inter-entity transactions are transactions between commonly controlled entities. Inter-entity transactions, other than restructuring transactions, are recorded on a gross basis and are measured at the carrying amount, except for the following:

    • i) Services provided on a recovery basis are recognized as expenses on a gross basis and measured at the exchange amount.
    • ii) Certain services received on a without charge basis are recorded for departmental financial statement purposes at the carrying amount.

     

3. Parliamentary Authorities

The Copyright Board receives most of its funding through annual parliamentary authorities. Items recognized in the Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position and the Statement of Financial Position in one year may be funded through parliamentary authorities in prior, current or future years. Accordingly, the Copyright Board has different net results of operations for the year on a government funding basis than on an accrual accounting basis. The differences are reconciled in the following tables:

(a) Reconciliation of net cost of operations to current year authorities used

  2020 2019
  (in dollars)
Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers $ 4,610,596 $ 4,166.750
Adjustments for items affecting net cost of operations but not affecting authorities:    
Services provided without charge by other government departments (522,525) (456,760)
Increase (decrease) in vacation pay and compensatory leave 13,405 47,841
Amortization of tangible capital assets (21,633) (21,633)
Decrease (increase) in future employee benefits (16,972) (2,630)
Refund of prior year's expenditures 583 -
Total items affecting net cost of operations but not affecting authorities (547,142) (433,182)
     
Adjustments for items not affecting net cost of operations but affecting authorities    
Salary overpayments 5,376 30
Other 1,200 -
Current year authorities used $ 4,070,030 $ 3,733,598
     

(b) Authorities provided and used

  2020 2019
  (in dollars)
Authorities Provided:    
Vote 45 - Operating expenditures $ 3,967,123 $ 3,795,669
Statutory amounts 350,504 314,290
  4,317,627 4,109,959
Less:    
Lapsed authorities: Operating expenditures (247,597) (376,361)
Current year authorities used $ 4,070,030 $ 3,733,598
     

4. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

The following table presents details of the Copyright Board’s accounts payable and accrued liabilities.

  2020 2019
  (in dollars)
     
Accounts payable - External parties 39,622 172,243
Accrued salaries and wages 136,612 109,859
Accounts payable - Other government departments and agencies 217,444 18,293
Total accounts payable $ 393,678 $ 300,395
     

5. Employee future benefits

  1. Pension benefits

    The Copyright Board’s employees participate in the Public Service Pension Plan (the “Plan”), which is sponsored and administered by the Government of Canada. Pension benefits accrue up to a maximum period of 35 years at a rate of 2 percent per year of pensionable service, times the average of the best five consecutive years of earnings. The benefits are integrated with Canada/Québec Pension Plan benefits and they are indexed to inflation.

    Both the employees and the Copyright Board contribute to the cost of the Plan. Due to the amendment of the Public Service Superannuation Act following the implementation of provisions related to Economic Action Plan 2012, employee contributors have been divided into two groups – Group 1 relates to existing plan members as of December 31, 2012 and Group 2 relates to members joining the Plan as of January 1, 2013. Each group has a distinct contribution rate.

    The 2019–20 expense amounts to $318,433 ($285,344 in 2017–18). For Group 1 members, the expense represents approximately 1.01 times (1.01 times in 2018–19) the employee contributions, and for Group 2 members, approximately 1.00 times (1.00 times in 2018–19) the employee contributions.

    The Copyright Board’s responsibility with regard to the Plan is limited to its contributions. Actuarial surpluses or deficiencies are recognized in the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Government of Canada, as the Plan’s sponsor.

  2. Severance benefits

    Severance benefits provided to the Copyright Board’s employees were previously based on an employee’s eligibility, years of service and salary at termination of employment. However, since 2011 the accumulation of severance benefits for voluntary departures progressively ceased for substantially all employees. Employees subject to these changes were given the option to be paid the full or partial value of benefits earned to date or collect the full or remaining value of benefits upon departure from the public service. By March 31, 2019, substantially all settlements for immediate cash out were completed. Severance benefits are unfunded and consequently, the outstanding obligation will be paid from future authorities.

    The changes in the obligations during the year were as follows:

      2020 2019
      (in dollars)
    Accrued benefit obligation - Beginning of year $ 83,872 $ 81,242
    Expense for the year 85,155 92,786
    Benefits paid during the year (68,184) (90,156)
    Accrued benefit obligation - End of year $ 100,843 $ 83,872

6. Accounts Receivable and Advances

The following table presents details of the Board’s accounts receivable and advances balances:

  2020 2019
  (in dollars)
Receivables from other government departments and agencies $ 83,0877 $ 33,573
Employee advances and overpayments 14,208 9,737
Gross accounts receivables and advances 97,295 43,310
Accounts receivable held on behalf of Government (97,295) (43,310)
Net accounts receivable and advances $ - $ -

7. Tangible Capital Assets

Amortization of tangible capital assets is done on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the assets as follows:

Asset Class Amortization period
Leasehold Improvements 10 years

(in dollars)

Cost
Capital Asset Class Opening balance Acquisitions Closing balance
Leasehold improvements 216,330 - 216,330
Total 216,330 - 216,330
     
Accumulated Amortization
Capital Asset Class Opening balance Amortization Closing Balance
Leasehold improvements 49,644 21,633 71,277
Total 49,644 21,633 71,277
     
Net Book Value
Capital Asset Class 2020 2019
Leasehold Improvements 145,053 166,686
Total 145,053 166,686
   

 

8. Contractual Obligations

The nature of the Copyright Board’s activities may result in some large multi-year contracts and obligations whereby the Copyright Board will be obligated to make future payments when the services/goods are received. Significant contractual obligations that can be reasonably estimated are summarized as follows:

  2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 and thereafter Total
(in dollars)
Other goods and services 348,000 18,000 9,000 - - 375,000
  $ 348,000 $ 18,000 $ 9,000 $ - $ - $ 375,000

9. Related party transactions

The Copyright Board is related as a result of common ownership to all government departments, agencies, and Crown corporations. Related parties also include individuals who are members of key management personnel or close family members of those individuals, and entities controlled by, or under shared control of, a member or key management personnel or close family member of that individual.

The Copyright Board enters into transactions with these entities in the normal course of business and on normal trade terms. During the year, the Copyright Board received common services which were obtained without charge from other Government departments as disclosed below.

(a) Common services provided without charge by other government departments

During the year, the Copyright Board received without charge from certain common service organizations, related to accommodation and the employer's contribution to the health and dental insurance plans. These services provided without charge have been recorded at the carrying value in the Copyright Board’s Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position as follows:

  2020 2019
  (in dollars)
Accommodation $ 300,503 $ 297,419
Employer's contribution to the health and dental insurance plans 222,022 159,341
Total $ 522,525 $ 456,760
     

The Government has centralized some of its administrative activities for efficiency, cost-effectiveness purposes and economic delivery of programs to the public. As a result, the Government uses central agencies and common service organizations so that one department performs services for all other departments and agencies without charge. The costs of these services, such as the payroll and cheque issuance services provided by Public Services and Procurement Canada and audit services provided by the Office of the Auditor General are not included in the Copyright Board’s Statement of Operations and Departmental Net Financial Position.

 

(b) Other transactions with other government departments and agencies

  2020 2019
  (in dollars)
Expenses - Other Government departments and agencies 1,322,800 853,775
     

Expenses disclosed in (b) exclude common services provided without charges, which are already disclosed in (a).

10. Segmented Information

Presentation by segment is based on the Copyright Board program alignment architecture. The presentation by segment is based on the same accounting policies as described in the Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in note 2. The following table presents the expenses incurred and revenues generated for the main program, by major object of expense and by major type of revenue. The segment results for the period are as follows:

(in dollars) Copyright Tariff Setting and Issuance of Licences Internal Services 2020 Total 2019 Total
Operating expenses        
Salaries and employee benefits $ 2,567,399 $ 602,229 $ 3,169,628 $ 2,530,577
Professional and special services 442,913 103,893 546,806 583,248
Communication 119,842 28,203 148,045 313,231
Accommodation 243,407 57,096 300,503 297,419
Furniture and equipment 18,725 4,392 23,117 133,499
Utilities, materials and supplies 10,995 2,623 13,618 88,799
Rental 69,964 16,411 86,375 81,868
Equipment repair and maintenance 193,438 45,374 238,812 58,686
Travel 44,523 10,444 54,967 37,754
Amortization 21,633 - 21,633 21,633
Postage and freight 1,503 353 1,856 10,600
Other operating expenses 4,241 995 5,236 9,436
Total expenses 3,738,583 872,013 4,610,596 4,166,750
Revenues        
Sales of services 5 - 5 -
Revenues earned on behalf of Government (5) - (5) -
Total Revenues - - - -
Net cost from continuing operations $ 3,738,583 $ 872,013 $ 4,610,596 $ 4,166,750